Indianfield Plantation House, Pinopolis South Carolina
Date added: December 30, 2015

Built in the early Nineteenth Century, Indianfield was covered by Lake Moultire in 1940. The house was two stories, hipped roof, with pitches illustrating the progressive lowering of roof up to the classic revival; three hipped-roof dormers on front and one at either end, lighting attic space.

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Kensington Plantation, Eastover South Carolina
Date added: December 18, 2015

Kensington Plantation was one of several plantations acquired by Matthew Singleton, who died in 1787, willing the property to his son, John. By the time the family holdings had been passed on to John's son, Richard, they consisted of over 12,000 acres of prime cotton land on both sides of the Wateree River. Matthew Richard, Richard Singleton's heir, moved to the Headquarters plantation after a tour of duty in Europe as a military attache. In 1844, after his marriage, the plantation was renamed Kensington and the house and grounds were improved. The Kensington House was completed in 1855 after Matthew Richard's death at the age of 38 and was occupied by his wife, children and his wife's mother during the Civil War. Unlike many plantation houses, Kensington survived the Civil War. Richard and Cleland Singleton, his children, divided the plantation acreage in half. Cleland built another small bouse on the southern half of the plantation, probably in the 1870's-80's. That house subsequently served as the overseer's residence from 1925 to 1941 and has since burned down. Matthew Richard Singleton, Richard Singleton's heir, constructed a small residence around the turn of the century to the northeast of the main house. The untimely death of this heir precipitated Richard's decision to retire from country life and the plantation was sold to Robert Hamer of Dillon, South Carolina. Although Mr. Hamer died before moving in, his son, R.C. and family occupied the main house and farmed the lands until 1941. In 1925, upon the death of Cleland Singleton, the Hamers repurchased the southern half of the original plantation. Many improvements were made to the house during the Hamer occupancy, including the installation of indoor plumbing and electricity and a gas powered well pump to take the place of the original brick cistern in the basement. In 1941, the Hamers sold the entire plantation to the U.S. Government as an agricultural cooperative for displaced farmers. Unfortunately, the government's priorities were shifted due to the advent of World War II and the plantation was sold to the Lanham family. The Lanhams chose not to live in the main house, but constructed a smaller residence to the west. The Kensington House and surrounding outbuildings were used as storage for farm equipment, fertilizer and feed. The first Matthew Singleton and his son, John, served under Francis Marion in the Revolutionary War. Matthew was a captain of Horse Company, while his son was a lieutenant under him. Colonel Richard Singleton, John's son, was a leading member of the family, having not only increased the family holdings to six plantations in Sumter and Richland Counties, but as the founder and leading stockholder in the South Carolina Railroad Company, the first commercial railroad in America. His efforts for the railroad were rewarded with the construction of the Acton station on his property. His daughter, Angelica, married Abram Van Buren, son of the President of the United States in 1838. Because Martin Van Buren was a widower, Angelica took on the duties of hostess at the White House. Colonel Richard Singleton's youngest children were twins, Matthew and Richard. When Richard died, at the age of 16, his twin brother added Richard's name to his own, thereby becoming Matthew Richard. Matthew Richard was appointed as military attache to the American mission in London and upon his return to the plantations, began a scientific study of agricultural practice. He is attributed to have been the first person to import and raise African broad-tailed sheep in the United States. After his death in 1855, his wife, mother-in-law and son, Richard, continued to live at Kensington. During the Civil War, his wife's mother, Mrs. Mary Loundes Kinloch, was able to save the plantation from burning by Union soldiers, by appealing to the soldier's memories of his own grandmother. Among important guests at the plantations was General Wade Hampton, who began his honeymoon there. Richard Singleton served one term in the S.C. State Legislature, but was swept out of office in the rise of the populist movement. Upon the death of his son, Matthew Richard, in 1910, he sold the plantation to Robert Hamer.

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Brick House Ruins, Edisto Island South Carolina
Date added: November 29, 2015

The date of the erection of the house has never been determined. Some writers believe it to be seventeenth century, but it dates probably from about 1725. The first reference to it seems to be in an indenture dated February 3, 1746, between Paul Hamilton and John MacLeod. This indenture recites that the land was granted to Thomas Sacheverel by the Lords Proprietors of the Province about May 10, 1703. As a house is referred to in this indenture it is sure that such was on the site by 1746. The architectural elements would point to date of about 1725, which would be confirmed by the architectural style of Crowfield, built about 1730. In 1793 the Brick House became the property of the Jenkins family. It was burned in 1929, but the walls were stabilized and are preserved. An Indenture dated 1746, records that on or about the Tenth Day of May Anno Domini 1703, the Lords Proprietors granted unto Thomas Sacheverell, of Colleton County, all that Tract of Land containing Four Hundred and Thirty Acres English Measure, now known as Brick House Plantation.

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Crum Covered Bridge, Rinard Mills Ohio
Date added: November 17, 2015

In 1818 Isaac Rinard established a gristmill on Little Muskingum River about one and a half miles south of this location, and Baldwin Cox built a sawmill nearby. A small hamlet, known as Rinard's Mills, developed at the site of these early industries. In June 1866, the Monroe County Commissioners met, on the banks of the meandering Muskingum, for the purpose of ascertaining the views of the citizens of that part of the county in regard to the location of a bridge across that beautiful stream. One month later, the commissioners appointed James Lanig to survey two sites, one on the road from Graysville to Cochransville and one at Old Camp Run, and to prepare plans and specifications for one or two bridges over Muskingum Creek. Lanig examined the proposed sites and prepared plans for a bridge near F.A. Lampings. A notice to bridge builders published in the local newspaper specified that the bridge at the mouth of Clear Fork was to be: a covered bridge ... 90 feet long and 14 feet wide, abutments to be 36 feet high. On December 2, 1866, the county entered into a contract with Fouts and Townsend, contractors from Beverly, Washington County, Ohio, for the erection of two bridges across Muskingum Creek, one at Jacob Clines and one at or near the mouth of clear fork, for $6,300.

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John Bright Covered Bridge No. 2, Carroll Ohio
Date added: November 13, 2015

The John Bright Covered Bridge was built in 1881 by Augustus Borneman and Sons of Lancaster, Ohio. It was built on land owned by the Bright family - one of the pioneer families of the area. The bridge is a combination truss (i.e. one in which both wood and metal is used). It replaced an earlier bridge of 1878, which had also been of wood or wood and metal. It is not known why that bridge had to be replaced so quickly. The suspension truss design of this bridge is an unusual form, which does not conform precisely to any of the common truss types of the period. It is known to have been used in only a few bridges in Ohio by three bridge builders. The original design is believed to have been a suspension truss with a supplemental arch added later. The vertical end posts, twin-beam upper chord, and the five heavy wooden vertical intermediate posts all of wood, are in compression. The wooden deck beams are supported by wrought iron hangers, attached to the vertical posts. The suspension chains are in tension. The chain is composed of short wrought iron rods, square in section, with eyes at each end that are attached to the intermediate posts by pins. The final links of the suspension chain are threaded and pass through a specially designed cast iron plate at the upper corner of the end post and upper chord. Nuts tightened against this plate hold the chain in place as it exerts a downward thrust on the endposts, and an inward, horizontal thrust on the upper chord. Diagonal bracing is used in the plane of the upper chord, and also beneath the deck of the bridge, between deck beams to help keep the structure rigid. This bracing consists of diagonal rods held together at the center by a tension ring. The ends of the rods are threaded at the point where they enter the ring, so that they can be tightened against it. This bracing design was a characteristic of Borneman bridges.

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John Bright Iron Bridge No. 1, Carroll Ohio
Date added: November 13, 2015

A contract for the building of this bridge has not been found, but it has been suggested that a number of references in the Commissioners' Journals for dates in 1884 and 1885, all referring to the Smith Mill Bridge in Liberty Township, are for this iron bridge. There was a Smith Mill by Poplar Creek, hence the name Smith Mill Bridge. Augustus Borneman was paid $1000 for the Smith Mill Bridge in June 1884, and in July he was paid a further $400. In January 1885 he received $520 making a total of $1920 - a high price for 1885. As with the John Bright No. 2 Covered Bridge, which pre-dates No. 1 by about three years, there was, according to the Commissioners Journals a covered combination truss bridge on this site, prior to the building of the metal bridge. That bridge stood from 1876 to 1884. As with the predecessor to the covered bridge no reason is given for the need to replace it, but perhaps it is relevant that 1884 was a year in which flooding was a problem in that area.

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FB Stearns Auto Company Cleveland Ohio
Date added: November 6, 2015

The F. B. Stearns Company, in the words of one historian, never was a large concern, but it (was) ... prominent, for its progressive ideas. That progressiveness become most apparent in the Stearns plant, whose various additions summarize the changes in manufacturing methods and factory design that occurred over the Cleveland auto industry's 34 year history.

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Baker Motor Vehicle Company - Rauch and Lang Carriage Company Cleveland Ohio
Date added: November 5, 2015

The Baker Motor Vehicle Company and The Rauch and Lang Carriage Company have a long and related history. Rauch and Lang was the oldest company in Cleveland's automobile industry, while Baker was the oldest electric automobile manufacturer in the nation. When the two companies merged, they became the largest producer of electric vehicles in the world. The history of the Rauch and Lang Carriage Company begins with Jacob Rauch, a German blacksmith who operated a wagon repair shop on pearl Street (W. 25th Street) in Cleveland. At the time of its founding in 1853, Rauch's company provided repair work for coaches on the Cleveland-Cincinnati stage line. Jacob's son, Charles Rauch, joined the firm in 1860, becoming expert in the making and repairing of expensive carriages. By 1878, The Rauch Carriage Company dominated the high-priced wagon and carriage business in Ohio.

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The Winton Motor Car Company, Cleveland Ohio
Date added: November 2, 2015

Cleveland's automobile industry began at a commercial level with Alexander Winton's sale of a one-cylinder motor vehicle to Robert Allison on March 24, 1898. That year, The Winton Motor Carriage Company completed twenty-two passenger vehicles and eight trucks. By 1899, the Winton company had become the nation's largest automobile manufacturer. Seventy-five percent of the reasons for Winton's success, said one writer in 1904, can be summed up in one word - system. The driving force behind that system was the company founder and president, Alexander Winton. Winton was born and raised in Scotland, receiving training as a marine engineer in Clyde. In 1885, at the age of 25, Winton came to Cleveland to work as the superintendent of the Phoenix Iron Works. In 1890, Winton founded the company of Henderson and Winton. With his brother-in-law Thomas Henderson as its vice-president, Winton's company made parts for Cleveland's bicycle manufacturers. By 1891, the company was producing its own bicycles. That led to the organization of the Winton Bicycle Company in 1892, with F. L. Alcott, president; Z. W. Davis, vice-president; George H. Brown, secretary; and W. H. Boardman, treasurer. The company's factory stood on Perkins Avenue next to the Cleveland and Pittsburgh Railroad tracks. It produced 25 bicycles per week for a total of 6000 in 1892.

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Cleveland Chandler Auto Company, Cleveland Ohio
Date added: October 23, 2015

The history of The Chandler Motor Car Company is full of superlatives. The company had a phenomenal growth, with probably the most brilliant financial success of the industry, reckoning time as the prime measure. Its factory was one of the largest automobile manufacturing plants in Cleveland, with few equals ... from an industrial point of view. Its six-cylinder car created a sensation when first marketed, quickly becoming a national favorite. That success rests, in large part, with Frederick C. Chandler. He was born in Cleveland in 1874. By 1890, he had begun working for the H. A. Lozier and Company, a Cleveland manufacturer of sewing machines, boats, bicycles, and an early gasoline automobile, the Cleveland Tricycle. After the American Bicycle Company bought the company in 1899, H. A. Lozier began making a second automobile in Detroit. Frederick Chandler became the sales manager for The Lozier Motor Company on the West Coast and in Europe. By 1910 , he had become vice-president in charge of sales and, by 1911, Lozier's general manager.

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Lunatic Asylum - Mills Building, Columbia South Carolina
Date added: October 21, 2015

It is known from hospital records that Robert Mils built the center section and the first portions of the flanking wings in 1825-1&27. The next portion of the wing to the east was added in 1838 end the next portion of the wing to the west, in 1842. These both were from Mills1 plan and probably were designed by him. The end portions of the flanking wings were requested to be constructed in 1848. However, since the records have been lost, it is not known whether they were built then or by whom. All evidence points to the likelihood that these were done by Samuel Sloan. It is certain that these end portions were erected prior to 1860. The original structure was enclosed with brick wall on four sides forming exercise areas. An engraving made by E. DeVillers, a Columbia artist, about 1860 shows this wall with the center portion lower and topped by iron fence. In this wall were a wide carriage gate in the center and two small gates to the right and left of it. Around 1875 the campus was enlarged and the wall on the north and east sides removed. While the record is not positively clear, there is reason to believe that these gates were reset in the extended wall on Calhoun Street, to form a campus entrance at the end of Piekens Street. There is evidence of the joining of the old and later brickwork immediately to the west of one of the smaller gates. The extended wall, running several blocks on Calhoun Street, enclosed the larger campus on which Samuel Sloan built the Main (administration) building and the Taylor building. This main building is noted by Sloan as the Center building and was built in 1883. The record shows Sloan working at the hospital as early as 1853 and mentions work on the old (Mills) building but is not specific as to the work done.

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Ainsley Hall - Robert Mills House, Columbia South Carolina
Date added: October 21, 2015

The mansion, on the south side of Blanding Street between Pickens and Henderson Streets, was one of Columbia's few early buildings to escape the ravages of the Civil War.

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Odd Fellows Home of Ohio, Springfield Ohio
Date added: October 13, 2015

The exterior of the Odd Fellows Home appears much as it did when first constructed. The original plans however, called for a two story structure with large covered porches on the front and on either side and a mottled tile roof. When completed, the main structure was increased to three stories in height and the porches were not built. Also, heavy red tile was substituted for the mottled tile. The cost of construction was estimated at $57,187 as a result of the aforementioned modifications. The interior of the third floor was finished in 1899. By 1902, the home was full with approximately 250 residents and discussions began concerning an addition. In that same year, the home was electrified with power being supplied by the Springfield Electric Light Company at a cost of $841.00 per year. 1902 also was the year in which numerous trees and flowers were planted on the grounds and in which a dairy was installed in an adjacent barn.

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Fenwick Hall Plantation, Johns Island South Carolina
Date added: October 9, 2015

Set along the banks of the Stono River and featuring an oak allee on the land side, Fenwick Hall is one of the earliest surviving eighteenth-century brick plantation houses in the South Carolina Lowcountry. Fenwick Hall was constructed when plantation agriculture, specifically rice cultivation, boomed and merchants grew wealthy on extensive trade with Great Britain. Tradition holds that the earliest portion of Fenwick was built for merchant John Fenwick on the location of a previous log plantation house. John Fenwick came to South Carolina from England in the early eighteenth century. A noteworthy citizen in his own right, Fenwick fought against the Spanish and French attacks on Charles Towne in 1706, led troops as a garrison commander during the 1715 Yemassee War, was an influential political leader, and prospered in the rice trade. While he grew rice on his Black River land, north of Georgetown, South Carolina, Fenwick Hall served as his plantation residence. Often traveling between Charles Towne and Britain, John Fenwick remained connected to his English family. Near the end of his life, he left Fenwick Hall in the hands of his son, Edward, and returned to England.

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Santa Maria Plantation, Baton Rouge Louisiana
Date added: October 7, 2015

During the tenure of Charles Knowlton and his wife, Kate Andrews Knowlton, Santa Maria was a post-bellum plantation of some significance to the area. The 1880 Agriculture Census reveals the size of the operation. At that time, the Knowltons owned 740 acres of land, of which 440 were improved and 300 were woodlands. Twelve acres planted in sugar cane in 1879 yielded 17 hogsheads of sugar (17,000 pounds) and 1,200 gallons of molasses. Twenty acres of corn yielded 750 bushels. Gladys Morrill's grandparents were Charles P. Knowlton (Captain in Confederate Army) and his wife, Katherine (Kate) Andrews, daughter of John Andrews, the founder of Belle Grove Plantation. In a letter on file at the State Historic Preservation Office, Mrs. Morill related what she knew of the history of the house: My grandfather...and grandmother came from California where they had been living, about 1872, and bought the place....For a good many years my grandfather used the land (I believe there were 1200 acres) to grow sugar cane. He had a sugar house on the place and I remember as a very small child, going with my grandfather to the sugar house to get the thick syrup (lacuite) out of the troughs. Sometime in the 1890s he converted most of the plantation to growing cotton and the sugar house was made into a cotton gin. He did very well until the coming of the boll weevil about the beginning of the century. My grandmother had just died and he was pretty lonesome and despondent there with just me, a small child, for company, so he sold the plantation along with the lovely old furniture in it and the farm equipment, for a mere pittance, to the Ruffin Munsons....About a year after my grandfather sold Santa Maria the railroad bought rights from the Munsons and ran through the property just a few blocks away from the house. It was not close enough, however, to be objectionable and was, probably, a financial help to him.

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Southern Ohio Lunatic Asylum, Dayton Ohio
Date added: September 29, 2015

State of Ohio second major institution for the insane. Plans for the building were based on the first uniform plan of hospital construction, developed by Dr. Thatias Kirkbride of Philadelphia, a knowledgeable expert on asylum architecture who had traveled throughout England. He studied the defects of the European model and devised plans, formulated in a series of 26 presentations, which were formally adopted by the Association of Superintendents of Institutions. This building layout became a prototype for most of the mental hospitals built in the 1800's. The Kirkbride plan consisted of an administration building, to be used for offices, store-rooms and kitchen, as well as a residence for the superintendent and medical officers. On either side of the administration building are wings, each to be segregated by sex. The wings terminate in cross sections which gave accomodations to water closets, clothing rooms and bathrooms, while at right angles from the cross sections are other wings. This design could be extended indefinitely.

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Arcade Hotel, Springfield Ohio
Date added: September 25, 2015

In its heyday, the Arcade Hotel was recognized as a leading commercial center in the downtown business area. The atmosphere created by the large skylighted arcade of shops undoubtedly promoted that commercial activity. The original building consisted of the four story element which formed the northwest corner of the Arcade was erected circa 1860. While this original building once belonged to the Whiteley, Fassler & Kelly Reaper Works which began operation in 1856, the exact construction date for the original building is not known.

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Cherokee Plantation, Natchez Louisiana
Date added: September 24, 2015

Hovering off the ground as Creole houses do, Cherokee stands one and one-half stories tall (over the almost 6' raise) and is covered by a hipped roof sheathed in wood shingles. Framing consists of cypress posts in-filled with bousillage; the foundations are brick masonry piers that lift the house a full-story off the ground. The hipped roof is cantilevered over the 12' deep galleries and hand-hewn cypress columns rise from the gallery floor to meet it. Part of the rear and side galleries was enclosed at an earlier date to accommodate modern sleeping, plumbing, and culinary needs. Bousillage walls are also found within the kitchen, although incongruent with the walls dating to the initial (1830s) construction period. Besides the enclosure of the galleries to accommodate modern kitchen and bathrooms, the other notable interior change is the addition of a door connecting the stranger's room to the interior of the house proper. The floor plan, however, is typical of Creole houses. While far larger, measuring about 55' x 65' overall, and more refined than most Creole cottages, Cherokee's interior spaces follow a traditional asymmetrical, salle-chamber format and have multiple points of entry directly from the outside. Formal access to the house proper came by way of double doors leading into the two rooms opening onto the front gallery. A stranger's room also opens onto the front gallery. A ladder stair leads to the large attic space, whereas a trap door reveals a cellar. The present cellar originally served as a pantry. Folding or accordion doors allow the present dining room to meld into the front parlor for a larger, public entertaining space.

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Dimon Sturges House - The Windmere - Gardner Apts, Mansfield Ohio
Date added: September 23, 2015

This building was Mansfield's largest and finest example of Second Empire style residential architecture. It was one of the most imposing residences along Park Avenue West, which developed in the late nineteenth century as the town's finest residential street. Its large proportions, intricate exterior stone trim, elaborate molded metal roof dormers and extremely tall mansard roof gave this building distinction when compared to other houses of the period in the locality. On the interior, its fine walnut woodwork, round arched openings throughout, the presence of marble fireplaces in the principal rooms on both main floors and two massive stairways gave this building real distinction. The front stairway, set within a rotunda and designed so that it branched midway up into two lateral flights which formed a balcony at the second floor, was unique in Mansfield, according to research on other buildings in town. Historically, the house was erected for the son of one of the town's earliest landowners and pioneer settlers, Eben P. Sturges. In his own right, Dimon Sturges achieved local renown in his lifetime as a successful businessman and civic leader. Eben P. Sturges was born in 1784 and at the age of 16 began a career as a merchant seaman. Captured during the War of 1812 and held in prison for some time, Sturges decided to forsake this career for one of a frontier merchant. He intended to go to Indiana, but during his stay in Mansfield was persuaded to sell his goods in that frontier community, becoming Mansfield's first merchant. Sturges soon became one of the town's leading citizens and owned much land around the community. Soon after his death in 1862, his son Dimon Sturges inherited land on Park Avenue West which he was later to develop as his residence. Dimon was named for his grandfather, who was a Revolutionary War soldier. He followed his father in the retail business in Mansfield and became quite successfull. In 1868, he was listed as one of the town's leading income tax payers. Dimon Sturges was Vice President of the Richland National Bank, organized in 1865. He was a member of one of Mansfield's most prominent families. His brothers and cousins were active in the financial affairs of Chicago; Brooklyn, N.Y.; Painesville, Ohio; and Geneva, N.Y. Dimon Sturges died about 1893 and the title to this house was transferred to his cousin, Susan B. Sturges.

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Connie Mack Stadium - Shibe Park, Philadelphia Pennsylvania
Date added: September 22, 2015

This structure was the first reinforced-concrete stadium in the nation. The Evening Bulletin called it a baseball showplace of the country. Although it had other uses over the years, the stadium was built to accommodate the professional baseball team, Philadelphia Athletics, who occupied it from 1909 to 1954. (The Athletics are now defunct). When the stadium was vacated in 1970 it was the oldest park in the major leagues. It was demolished in 1976 after a fire in 1971 had severely damaged it. In 1909, when construction was finished, the new park was V in shape and consisted of a grandstand and a pair of bleachers. (Later additions changed that shape). The grandstand was in the center, forming a corner which included a circular tower and two wings, and the bleachers were extensions of the V. There were 23,000 seats, of which 12,000 were in the bleachers, and 200 parking spaces in the right field bleachers (east side). Steel folding chairs were installed, and the ladies' rest rooms were said to be attractively furnished. The ground floor of the east bleachers (Lehigh Ave. side) was used as a shopping center. Among the stores were a tobacco store and a furniture store. The stores were discontinued in 1918.

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Peerless Motor Car Company, Cleveland Ohio
Date added: September 22, 2015

The Peerless Motor Car Company remains something of an enigma in the Cleveland automobile industry. While the peerless car ranked among the nation's most expensive, its production outlasted moat of Cleveland's medium-priced automobiles. While the Peerless factory foreshadowed the best in modern architectural trends, the plant's manufacturing methods were twenty years behind the times when the company folded in 1931. The Peerless Motor Car Company began in 1869 as The Peerless Wringer and Manufacturing Company. It became The Peerless Manufacturing Company in 1891 when it added bicycles to its line of wringer washing machines. The plant on Lisbon Street, adjacent to the Cleveland and Pittsburgh Railroad tracks, had a rectangular, two-story office. The Cleveland Rubber Company, whose general manager L. K. McClymonds presided over The Peerless Manufacturing Company, stood next door.

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Magnolia Mound Plantation, Baton Rouge Louisiana
Date added: September 18, 2015

Built in the late 1790s on a ridge overlooking the Mississippi River, the original four-room plantation house was enlarged in 1815-1820. It was saved from demolition in 1967 and restored as a historic house museum.

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Evergreen Plantation, Wallace, St John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana
Date added: September 16, 2015

Evergreen is a plantation complex of thirty-nine buildings, including a grand big house with its various dependencies and a double row of twenty-two slave cabins. All but eight of the buildings are antebellum. The plantation is located on the west bank of the Mississippi River in St. John the Baptist Parish on a stretch of the river that is agrarian in character. Although the sugar mill is no longer extant and the buildings have received some alterations over the years, Evergreen remains an amazing image of the South's plantation landscape. Essentially Evergreen is composed of the main house and its dependencies in a fairly confined area and a double row of slave cabins well to the rear. The layout of the former is rigidly symmetrical. On each side of the main house is a garconniere (guest house) and pigeonnier. To the rear, on axis with the big house, is a Greek Revival privy. On each side of the rear yard are matching small buildings of undocumented use (known now as a guest house and kitchen). To the rear and side is an impressive Spanish moss laden oak allee about 1300 feet in length. The double row of twenty-two cabins begins about halfway along the allee. To the rear of the cabins are three barns and a large shed from the late nineteenth/early twentieth century. Historically the principal crop at Evergreen during the period of significance was sugarcane, although rice was also grown. The acreage is still planted in cane, with cane fields to either side of the cabins seemingly extending to the horizon.

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David Olivier Plantation House, New Orleans Louisiana
Date added: September 11, 2015

The Olivier House, probably built in 1820, was typical of the large early 19th century plantation houses that were located within a short distance of New Orleans. With the great prosperity that the city experienced in mid-century, and the resultant rapid Increase In population, these country plantations and residences were sold and often the houses were converted for other uses or demolished, and the lands divided into city lots. The house and property was sold to Erienne Carraby, L.B. Macarty, M. Duralde, and Philippe Guesnon in April 1833 for $70,000. They divided the land into lots and sold the house in June of the same year to A.L. Boimare.

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Angelina Plantation, Mt Airy St. John Baptist Parish, Louisiana
Date added: September 8, 2015

Angelina Plantation received its name from Angelina Roussel, probably the daughter of George Roussel and Adelaide Haydel who acquired the property in 1828 from Godfrey Boudousquie. At that time the property contained about fourteen arpents fronting the river which Boudousquie had bought in 1820 from Jean Baptiste Ory. Ory had acquired the property in small parcels over a period of years. Boudousquie bought the property from Ory for $30,000,00 and sold it two years later for 53,000.00, which would seem to indicate that the property had been considerably improved, possibly by the construction of the plantation buildings.

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Burnside Plantation, Donaldsonville, Ascension Parish Louisiana
Date added: September 4, 2015

Today this plantation ia called Burnside instead of by its original name, The Houmas. Mr. John Burnside, from whom comes the present name, did not acquire the house until 1858, which was many years after its erection. The first name of the plantation was derived from the Houmas Indians who once occupied this region. It was in 1774 that these lands, some 11,930 acres, passed from the hands of the Redmen to those of the Yftiite. Since such a great number of Indian Tribes were cheated out of their lands by the early settlers, it is interesting to note that this transaction was actually a sale. It was made by Calapane, Chief of the Bayou Goula and Houmas Indians, to Maurice Conway and Alex. Latil on October 5, 1774, In the course of a few years, 1777, Conway, so as to be protected in the White Courts as well as the Indian, obtained from Don Bernardo de Galvez, Governor ad Interim and intendant in place of Unzaga, a complete patent or Titulo in' Formo to this land. The exact extent of this acreage is clearly shown on a Map of the Houmas Plantations compiled by Mr. Frank H. Waddill, consulting Civil Engineer in 1931. Legend has It that Chevalier de la Ville built the first house on the site of the present Burnside but to date there is no documentary evidence to prove this point. General Wade Hampton bought the property known as The Houmas from Daniel Clark on Feb 25, 1811, and probably built a house on this land about 1830, From the estate at his death his daughter, Mrs. Caroline Hampton Preston, wife of General John S. Preston, acquired the property and it is undoubtedly to the Prestons that we owe the building as it stands today. They rebuilt the Plantation at some time during the early forties. The hexagonal Garconnieres, which are typically French in feeling, remained unchanged while the dining-room doorway and the Interior curving stair which were used in the earlier building were reused to great advantage. With the addition of the great white columns, the watch-tower and the formal lines of balusters crowning the roof, the house assumed a magnificence which it owes to that period of the Classic Revival, The lives of the planters of this era matched, if not exceeded, the Impressiveness of their elaborate mansions.

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Homeplace Plantation, Hahnville, St Charles Parish, Louisiana
Date added: September 3, 2015

The house was originally built for the planter Fortier on a 10,000-acre tract of land facing the Mississippi River (a couple hundred feet away) and the Old Spanish Trail. Braddish Johnson acquired it before the Civil War. At some time during the time of these first two owners, the dining room with a marble floor was located in the northeast corner of the basement; kitchen between the four live oaks; garconniere similar to the main house but smaller was off to the northwest and a corresponding one to balance. Carriage house and pigeonier, barn and an arc of 26 slave houses completed the plan to the rear.

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Uncle Sam Plantation, Convent, St James Parish, Louisiana
Date added: September 1, 2015

One of the most extensive of Louisiana sugar cane plantations, it included 1300 acres originally. Mighty oaks that once graced the front lawn have been devoured by the ever approaching river. Due to encroachment of the Mississippi upon the levee bordering the plantation, demolition of the main group of buildings began in March of 1940, The main house, garconnieres, offices and pigeonniers as well as a stable and carriage house were all marked for removal.

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Olana - Frederic Edwin Church House, Hudson New York
Date added: August 28, 2015

Olana was lived in by and designed in large part by Frederic Edwin Church, famous American painter of the Hudson River School. The mansion is a combination of Western and Near Eastern architecture. Church and his wife toured Europe and the Wear East. As a result of these visits, Church incorporated architectural versions of the two different parts of the world in his design for a new home. The styling of his house is largely Moorish. The design includes several Persian themes which Church called personal Persian. Architect Calvert Vaux had a supervisory role in the design; he also drew plans for the 37-room mansion. The vastly sculptured landscaping design was done by Frederick Law Olmsted.

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St. Davids Church, Radnor Pennsylvania
Date added: August 27, 2015

The cornerstone for this church was laid on May 9, 1715. The east gable has a 1715 date stone, which is a modern recutting. The church opened in 1717.

The original church was a simple, one-room rectangular stone structure with a gable roof. The design was adapted from Welsh country church architecture. The original rectangular section is still one-room in plan, and measures 40' x 27'. It has increased in size by the addition of an exterior stairway and a rear addition. Its exterior is largely unaltered, and the originality of its design is evident here. The arched windows and the main south entrance still remain. Its interior, in contrast, has been altered over the years, although its simple appearance has been preserved. The pulpit was in the north end originally; it was later moved to its present east location.

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Tower Hill 2 Mine & Coke Ovens, Tower Hill Pennsylvania
Date added: August 25, 2015

The Tower Hill No. 2 mine was a component of an extraordinary period in American history: the economic boom and subsequent bust, of the Connellsville bituminous coal region. While anthracite coal from northeastern Pennsylvania had been mined commercially since the 1840s, various advances in technology and infrastructure in the mid-nineteenth century soon made the bituminous coal of southwestern Pennsylvania an even more desirable commodity. The Bessemer converter, simultaneously developed by Charles Henry Bessemer and William Kelly, made the production of steel in large quantities possible. Coke (a refined type of coal made by cooking raw coal in ovens) made from bituminous coal was the fuel of choice for the Bessemer/Kelly process, and such coal was found in abundance in rural Fayette County. Connellsville district coal was well suited for conversion to coke, being clean, soft, nearly free of slate and sulfur, and uniform in quality and thickness. It could be coked straight from the mine with no intermediate preparation necessary. The expansion of railroad and riverboat capacity made it possible to transport the rich coke mined and refined in Fayette County to Pittsburgh, which rapidly became the steel production capitol of the United States.

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Tuller Hotel, Detroit Michigan
Date added: August 18, 2015

The Tuller Hotel was one of the largest luxury hotels in Detroit in the early twentieth century, with 800 rooms, each with a private bath. It was also the first hotel built in Detroit's Grand Circus Park district. Lew Whiting Tuller (1869-1957), who erected and operated this hotel, was a major builder of hotels and apartment houses in Detroit in the 1900s and 1910s. The three distinct buildings which comprise the Tuller Hotel share a common Italian Renaissance styling.

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Ashland-Belle Helene Plantation Geismar Louisiana
Date added:November 14, 2014

Seven miles above the Darrow ferry, facing the Mississippi River across a great mall and backed by enormous oaks, stands Belle Helene, one of the most impressive examples of the Greek Revival in Louisiana. Its faded yellow washed walls, the gray woodwork and the small peak of purple slate roof showing above the heavy Greek cornice leaves an unforgettable impression of simplicity as achieved by the plantation builders during the most affluent period of Louisiana's history. We have become so accustomed to seeing the plantation house through the vista of a large avenue of oaks that we sense a realization of new ideas. Was it perhaps inspired by the romantic trend of England where the houses were being placed with extensive views over large meadows and the allies destroyed?

In plan the house is square, surrounded by a colonnade with eight columns on each face a large hall through the center gives access to the principal rooms, and, off the end of this hall, is a well designed circular stairway that leads to the second story. The rooms are large and now bare - but what a background for the rosewood furniture and accessories that Ashland Plantation (as Belle Helene was then known) no doubt had.

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