Fenwick Hall Plantation, Johns Island South Carolina
Date added: October 9, 2015

Set along the banks of the Stono River and featuring an oak allee on the land side, Fenwick Hall is one of the earliest surviving eighteenth-century brick plantation houses in the South Carolina Lowcountry. Fenwick Hall was constructed when plantation agriculture, specifically rice cultivation, boomed and merchants grew wealthy on extensive trade with Great Britain. Tradition holds that the earliest portion of Fenwick was built for merchant John Fenwick on the location of a previous log plantation house. John Fenwick came to South Carolina from England in the early eighteenth century. A noteworthy citizen in his own right, Fenwick fought against the Spanish and French attacks on Charles Towne in 1706, led troops as a garrison commander during the 1715 Yemassee War, was an influential political leader, and prospered in the rice trade. While he grew rice on his Black River land, north of Georgetown, South Carolina, Fenwick Hall served as his plantation residence. Often traveling between Charles Towne and Britain, John Fenwick remained connected to his English family. Near the end of his life, he left Fenwick Hall in the hands of his son, Edward, and returned to England.


Santa Maria Plantation, Baton Rouge Louisiana
Date added: October 7, 2015

During the tenure of Charles Knowlton and his wife, Kate Andrews Knowlton, Santa Maria was a post-bellum plantation of some significance to the area. The 1880 Agriculture Census reveals the size of the operation. At that time, the Knowltons owned 740 acres of land, of which 440 were improved and 300 were woodlands. Twelve acres planted in sugar cane in 1879 yielded 17 hogsheads of sugar (17,000 pounds) and 1,200 gallons of molasses. Twenty acres of corn yielded 750 bushels. Gladys Morrill's grandparents were Charles P. Knowlton (Captain in Confederate Army) and his wife, Katherine (Kate) Andrews, daughter of John Andrews, the founder of Belle Grove Plantation. In a letter on file at the State Historic Preservation Office, Mrs. Morill related what she knew of the history of the house: My grandfather...and grandmother came from California where they had been living, about 1872, and bought the place....For a good many years my grandfather used the land (I believe there were 1200 acres) to grow sugar cane. He had a sugar house on the place and I remember as a very small child, going with my grandfather to the sugar house to get the thick syrup (lacuite) out of the troughs. Sometime in the 1890s he converted most of the plantation to growing cotton and the sugar house was made into a cotton gin. He did very well until the coming of the boll weevil about the beginning of the century. My grandmother had just died and he was pretty lonesome and despondent there with just me, a small child, for company, so he sold the plantation along with the lovely old furniture in it and the farm equipment, for a mere pittance, to the Ruffin Munsons....About a year after my grandfather sold Santa Maria the railroad bought rights from the Munsons and ran through the property just a few blocks away from the house. It was not close enough, however, to be objectionable and was, probably, a financial help to him.


Southern Ohio Lunatic Asylum, Dayton Ohio
Date added: September 29, 2015

State of Ohio second major institution for the insane. Plans for the building were based on the first uniform plan of hospital construction, developed by Dr. Thatias Kirkbride of Philadelphia, a knowledgeable expert on asylum architecture who had traveled throughout England. He studied the defects of the European model and devised plans, formulated in a series of 26 presentations, which were formally adopted by the Association of Superintendents of Institutions. This building layout became a prototype for most of the mental hospitals built in the 1800's. The Kirkbride plan consisted of an administration building, to be used for offices, store-rooms and kitchen, as well as a residence for the superintendent and medical officers. On either side of the administration building are wings, each to be segregated by sex. The wings terminate in cross sections which gave accomodations to water closets, clothing rooms and bathrooms, while at right angles from the cross sections are other wings. This design could be extended indefinitely.


Arcade Hotel, Springfield Ohio
Date added: September 25, 2015

In its heyday, the Arcade Hotel was recognized as a leading commercial center in the downtown business area. The atmosphere created by the large skylighted arcade of shops undoubtedly promoted that commercial activity. The original building consisted of the four story element which formed the northwest corner of the Arcade was erected circa 1860. While this original building once belonged to the Whiteley, Fassler & Kelly Reaper Works which began operation in 1856, the exact construction date for the original building is not known.


Cherokee Plantation, Natchez Louisiana
Date added: September 24, 2015

Hovering off the ground as Creole houses do, Cherokee stands one and one-half stories tall (over the almost 6' raise) and is covered by a hipped roof sheathed in wood shingles. Framing consists of cypress posts in-filled with bousillage; the foundations are brick masonry piers that lift the house a full-story off the ground. The hipped roof is cantilevered over the 12' deep galleries and hand-hewn cypress columns rise from the gallery floor to meet it. Part of the rear and side galleries was enclosed at an earlier date to accommodate modern sleeping, plumbing, and culinary needs. Bousillage walls are also found within the kitchen, although incongruent with the walls dating to the initial (1830s) construction period. Besides the enclosure of the galleries to accommodate modern kitchen and bathrooms, the other notable interior change is the addition of a door connecting the stranger's room to the interior of the house proper. The floor plan, however, is typical of Creole houses. While far larger, measuring about 55' x 65' overall, and more refined than most Creole cottages, Cherokee's interior spaces follow a traditional asymmetrical, salle-chamber format and have multiple points of entry directly from the outside. Formal access to the house proper came by way of double doors leading into the two rooms opening onto the front gallery. A stranger's room also opens onto the front gallery. A ladder stair leads to the large attic space, whereas a trap door reveals a cellar. The present cellar originally served as a pantry. Folding or accordion doors allow the present dining room to meld into the front parlor for a larger, public entertaining space.


Dimon Sturges House - The Windmere - Gardner Apts, Mansfield Ohio
Date added: September 23, 2015

This building was Mansfield's largest and finest example of Second Empire style residential architecture. It was one of the most imposing residences along Park Avenue West, which developed in the late nineteenth century as the town's finest residential street. Its large proportions, intricate exterior stone trim, elaborate molded metal roof dormers and extremely tall mansard roof gave this building distinction when compared to other houses of the period in the locality. On the interior, its fine walnut woodwork, round arched openings throughout, the presence of marble fireplaces in the principal rooms on both main floors and two massive stairways gave this building real distinction. The front stairway, set within a rotunda and designed so that it branched midway up into two lateral flights which formed a balcony at the second floor, was unique in Mansfield, according to research on other buildings in town. Historically, the house was erected for the son of one of the town's earliest landowners and pioneer settlers, Eben P. Sturges. In his own right, Dimon Sturges achieved local renown in his lifetime as a successful businessman and civic leader. Eben P. Sturges was born in 1784 and at the age of 16 began a career as a merchant seaman. Captured during the War of 1812 and held in prison for some time, Sturges decided to forsake this career for one of a frontier merchant. He intended to go to Indiana, but during his stay in Mansfield was persuaded to sell his goods in that frontier community, becoming Mansfield's first merchant. Sturges soon became one of the town's leading citizens and owned much land around the community. Soon after his death in 1862, his son Dimon Sturges inherited land on Park Avenue West which he was later to develop as his residence. Dimon was named for his grandfather, who was a Revolutionary War soldier. He followed his father in the retail business in Mansfield and became quite successfull. In 1868, he was listed as one of the town's leading income tax payers. Dimon Sturges was Vice President of the Richland National Bank, organized in 1865. He was a member of one of Mansfield's most prominent families. His brothers and cousins were active in the financial affairs of Chicago; Brooklyn, N.Y.; Painesville, Ohio; and Geneva, N.Y. Dimon Sturges died about 1893 and the title to this house was transferred to his cousin, Susan B. Sturges.


Connie Mack Stadium - Shibe Park, Philadelphia Pennsylvania
Date added: September 22, 2015

This structure was the first reinforced-concrete stadium in the nation. The Evening Bulletin called it a baseball showplace of the country. Although it had other uses over the years, the stadium was built to accommodate the professional baseball team, Philadelphia Athletics, who occupied it from 1909 to 1954. (The Athletics are now defunct). When the stadium was vacated in 1970 it was the oldest park in the major leagues. It was demolished in 1976 after a fire in 1971 had severely damaged it. In 1909, when construction was finished, the new park was V in shape and consisted of a grandstand and a pair of bleachers. (Later additions changed that shape). The grandstand was in the center, forming a corner which included a circular tower and two wings, and the bleachers were extensions of the V. There were 23,000 seats, of which 12,000 were in the bleachers, and 200 parking spaces in the right field bleachers (east side). Steel folding chairs were installed, and the ladies' rest rooms were said to be attractively furnished. The ground floor of the east bleachers (Lehigh Ave. side) was used as a shopping center. Among the stores were a tobacco store and a furniture store. The stores were discontinued in 1918.


Peerless Motor Car Company, Cleveland Ohio
Date added: September 22, 2015

The Peerless Motor Car Company remains something of an enigma in the Cleveland automobile industry. While the peerless car ranked among the nation's most expensive, its production outlasted moat of Cleveland's medium-priced automobiles. While the Peerless factory foreshadowed the best in modern architectural trends, the plant's manufacturing methods were twenty years behind the times when the company folded in 1931. The Peerless Motor Car Company began in 1869 as The Peerless Wringer and Manufacturing Company. It became The Peerless Manufacturing Company in 1891 when it added bicycles to its line of wringer washing machines. The plant on Lisbon Street, adjacent to the Cleveland and Pittsburgh Railroad tracks, had a rectangular, two-story office. The Cleveland Rubber Company, whose general manager L. K. McClymonds presided over The Peerless Manufacturing Company, stood next door.


Magnolia Mound Plantation, Baton Rouge Louisiana
Date added: September 18, 2015

Built in the late 1790s on a ridge overlooking the Mississippi River, the original four-room plantation house was enlarged in 1815-1820. It was saved from demolition in 1967 and restored as a historic house museum.


Evergreen Plantation, Wallace, St John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana
Date added: September 16, 2015

Evergreen is a plantation complex of thirty-nine buildings, including a grand big house with its various dependencies and a double row of twenty-two slave cabins. All but eight of the buildings are antebellum. The plantation is located on the west bank of the Mississippi River in St. John the Baptist Parish on a stretch of the river that is agrarian in character. Although the sugar mill is no longer extant and the buildings have received some alterations over the years, Evergreen remains an amazing image of the South's plantation landscape. Essentially Evergreen is composed of the main house and its dependencies in a fairly confined area and a double row of slave cabins well to the rear. The layout of the former is rigidly symmetrical. On each side of the main house is a garconniere (guest house) and pigeonnier. To the rear, on axis with the big house, is a Greek Revival privy. On each side of the rear yard are matching small buildings of undocumented use (known now as a guest house and kitchen). To the rear and side is an impressive Spanish moss laden oak allee about 1300 feet in length. The double row of twenty-two cabins begins about halfway along the allee. To the rear of the cabins are three barns and a large shed from the late nineteenth/early twentieth century. Historically the principal crop at Evergreen during the period of significance was sugarcane, although rice was also grown. The acreage is still planted in cane, with cane fields to either side of the cabins seemingly extending to the horizon.


David Olivier Plantation House, New Orleans Louisiana
Date added: September 11, 2015

The Olivier House, probably built in 1820, was typical of the large early 19th century plantation houses that were located within a short distance of New Orleans. With the great prosperity that the city experienced in mid-century, and the resultant rapid Increase In population, these country plantations and residences were sold and often the houses were converted for other uses or demolished, and the lands divided into city lots. The house and property was sold to Erienne Carraby, L.B. Macarty, M. Duralde, and Philippe Guesnon in April 1833 for $70,000. They divided the land into lots and sold the house in June of the same year to A.L. Boimare.


Angelina Plantation, Mt Airy St. John Baptist Parish, Louisiana
Date added: September 8, 2015

Angelina Plantation received its name from Angelina Roussel, probably the daughter of George Roussel and Adelaide Haydel who acquired the property in 1828 from Godfrey Boudousquie. At that time the property contained about fourteen arpents fronting the river which Boudousquie had bought in 1820 from Jean Baptiste Ory. Ory had acquired the property in small parcels over a period of years. Boudousquie bought the property from Ory for $30,000,00 and sold it two years later for 53,000.00, which would seem to indicate that the property had been considerably improved, possibly by the construction of the plantation buildings.


Burnside Plantation, Donaldsonville, Ascension Parish Louisiana
Date added: September 4, 2015

Today this plantation ia called Burnside instead of by its original name, The Houmas. Mr. John Burnside, from whom comes the present name, did not acquire the house until 1858, which was many years after its erection. The first name of the plantation was derived from the Houmas Indians who once occupied this region. It was in 1774 that these lands, some 11,930 acres, passed from the hands of the Redmen to those of the Yftiite. Since such a great number of Indian Tribes were cheated out of their lands by the early settlers, it is interesting to note that this transaction was actually a sale. It was made by Calapane, Chief of the Bayou Goula and Houmas Indians, to Maurice Conway and Alex. Latil on October 5, 1774, In the course of a few years, 1777, Conway, so as to be protected in the White Courts as well as the Indian, obtained from Don Bernardo de Galvez, Governor ad Interim and intendant in place of Unzaga, a complete patent or Titulo in' Formo to this land. The exact extent of this acreage is clearly shown on a Map of the Houmas Plantations compiled by Mr. Frank H. Waddill, consulting Civil Engineer in 1931. Legend has It that Chevalier de la Ville built the first house on the site of the present Burnside but to date there is no documentary evidence to prove this point. General Wade Hampton bought the property known as The Houmas from Daniel Clark on Feb 25, 1811, and probably built a house on this land about 1830, From the estate at his death his daughter, Mrs. Caroline Hampton Preston, wife of General John S. Preston, acquired the property and it is undoubtedly to the Prestons that we owe the building as it stands today. They rebuilt the Plantation at some time during the early forties. The hexagonal Garconnieres, which are typically French in feeling, remained unchanged while the dining-room doorway and the Interior curving stair which were used in the earlier building were reused to great advantage. With the addition of the great white columns, the watch-tower and the formal lines of balusters crowning the roof, the house assumed a magnificence which it owes to that period of the Classic Revival, The lives of the planters of this era matched, if not exceeded, the Impressiveness of their elaborate mansions.


Homeplace Plantation, Hahnville, St Charles Parish, Louisiana
Date added: September 3, 2015

The house was originally built for the planter Fortier on a 10,000-acre tract of land facing the Mississippi River (a couple hundred feet away) and the Old Spanish Trail. Braddish Johnson acquired it before the Civil War. At some time during the time of these first two owners, the dining room with a marble floor was located in the northeast corner of the basement; kitchen between the four live oaks; garconniere similar to the main house but smaller was off to the northwest and a corresponding one to balance. Carriage house and pigeonier, barn and an arc of 26 slave houses completed the plan to the rear.


Uncle Sam Plantation, Convent, St James Parish, Louisiana
Date added: September 1, 2015

One of the most extensive of Louisiana sugar cane plantations, it included 1300 acres originally. Mighty oaks that once graced the front lawn have been devoured by the ever approaching river. Due to encroachment of the Mississippi upon the levee bordering the plantation, demolition of the main group of buildings began in March of 1940, The main house, garconnieres, offices and pigeonniers as well as a stable and carriage house were all marked for removal.


Olana - Frederic Edwin Church House, Hudson New York
Date added: August 28, 2015

Olana was lived in by and designed in large part by Frederic Edwin Church, famous American painter of the Hudson River School. The mansion is a combination of Western and Near Eastern architecture. Church and his wife toured Europe and the Wear East. As a result of these visits, Church incorporated architectural versions of the two different parts of the world in his design for a new home. The styling of his house is largely Moorish. The design includes several Persian themes which Church called personal Persian. Architect Calvert Vaux had a supervisory role in the design; he also drew plans for the 37-room mansion. The vastly sculptured landscaping design was done by Frederick Law Olmsted.


St. Davids Church, Radnor Pennsylvania
Date added: August 27, 2015

The cornerstone for this church was laid on May 9, 1715. The east gable has a 1715 date stone, which is a modern recutting. The church opened in 1717.

The original church was a simple, one-room rectangular stone structure with a gable roof. The design was adapted from Welsh country church architecture. The original rectangular section is still one-room in plan, and measures 40' x 27'. It has increased in size by the addition of an exterior stairway and a rear addition. Its exterior is largely unaltered, and the originality of its design is evident here. The arched windows and the main south entrance still remain. Its interior, in contrast, has been altered over the years, although its simple appearance has been preserved. The pulpit was in the north end originally; it was later moved to its present east location.


Tower Hill 2 Mine & Coke Ovens, Tower Hill Pennsylvania
Date added: August 25, 2015

The Tower Hill No. 2 mine was a component of an extraordinary period in American history: the economic boom and subsequent bust, of the Connellsville bituminous coal region. While anthracite coal from northeastern Pennsylvania had been mined commercially since the 1840s, various advances in technology and infrastructure in the mid-nineteenth century soon made the bituminous coal of southwestern Pennsylvania an even more desirable commodity. The Bessemer converter, simultaneously developed by Charles Henry Bessemer and William Kelly, made the production of steel in large quantities possible. Coke (a refined type of coal made by cooking raw coal in ovens) made from bituminous coal was the fuel of choice for the Bessemer/Kelly process, and such coal was found in abundance in rural Fayette County. Connellsville district coal was well suited for conversion to coke, being clean, soft, nearly free of slate and sulfur, and uniform in quality and thickness. It could be coked straight from the mine with no intermediate preparation necessary. The expansion of railroad and riverboat capacity made it possible to transport the rich coke mined and refined in Fayette County to Pittsburgh, which rapidly became the steel production capitol of the United States.


Tuller Hotel, Detroit Michigan
Date added: August 18, 2015

The Tuller Hotel was one of the largest luxury hotels in Detroit in the early twentieth century, with 800 rooms, each with a private bath. It was also the first hotel built in Detroit's Grand Circus Park district. Lew Whiting Tuller (1869-1957), who erected and operated this hotel, was a major builder of hotels and apartment houses in Detroit in the 1900s and 1910s. The three distinct buildings which comprise the Tuller Hotel share a common Italian Renaissance styling.


Singer Tower New York City New York
Date added:November 21, 2014

One of the outstanding works of architect Ernest Flagg, the Singer Tower was for sixty years a familiar silhouette on the New York skyline. Ironically, the height of the building had established two records: in 1908, at 41 stories, it became the tallest building ever constructed, and in 1967 it became the tallest building ever demolished. The lobby was renowned for its elegant marble and bronze decor. Perhaps most importantly, the tower exemplified Flagg's ideas on city planning, which were incorporated in part into the New York City zoning ordinances of 1916. In order to provide adequate air and light for all offices, Flagg envisaged a city of towers, in which the first five or six stories of every building would extend over the entire lot, but the upper stories would cover only one-quarter of the lot.

The erection of the Singer Tower was just one part of a building program conducted from 1906 to 1908 by the Singer Manufacturing Company at their properties on Liberty Street and Broadway. In 1906 the Company owned what was then called the Singer Building, at the northwest corner of Broadway and Liberty Street, as well as the Bourne Building at 85 Liberty Street. Ernest Flagg was commissioned in 1896 to draw up plans to remodel these properties and to design two new adjoining buildings, with all buildings being connected internally by corridors. Briefly, this was his design. He designed a fourteen-story addition to the Bourne Building, to be located at 93 Liberty Street, and added new elevators in the original Bourne Building. The height of the original Singer Building was increased by four stories and its entranceway remodeled into a small window. Added on to the original Singer Building was a structure extending seventy-four feet northward on Broadway, with three bays identical to the two of the original building. The Broadway entranceway was located in the most southerly bay of the new portion, or in what became the center bay of the entire remodeled Broadway facade. Surmounting the new portion on Broadway was a tower rising to a height of 612 feet from street level.


Ashland-Belle Helene Plantation Geismar Louisiana
Date added:November 14, 2014

Seven miles above the Darrow ferry, facing the Mississippi River across a great mall and backed by enormous oaks, stands Belle Helene, one of the most impressive examples of the Greek Revival in Louisiana. Its faded yellow washed walls, the gray woodwork and the small peak of purple slate roof showing above the heavy Greek cornice leaves an unforgettable impression of simplicity as achieved by the plantation builders during the most affluent period of Louisiana's history. We have become so accustomed to seeing the plantation house through the vista of a large avenue of oaks that we sense a realization of new ideas. Was it perhaps inspired by the romantic trend of England where the houses were being placed with extensive views over large meadows and the allies destroyed?

In plan the house is square, surrounded by a colonnade with eight columns on each face a large hall through the center gives access to the principal rooms, and, off the end of this hall, is a well designed circular stairway that leads to the second story. The rooms are large and now bare - but what a background for the rosewood furniture and accessories that Ashland Plantation (as Belle Helene was then known) no doubt had.


Oak Alley Plantation Vacherie, St James Parish Louisiana
Date added:August 15, 2014

Oak Alley Plantation Vacherie, St James Parish Louisiana

Originally named Bon Sejour, Oak Alley was built in 1837-39 by George Swainey for Jacques Telesphore Roman, brother of Andre Roman who was twice governor of Louisiana. Joseph Pilie, Jacques Telesphore Roman's father-in-law, was an architect and is thought to have provided the design of Oak Alley. Oak Alley's most distinguishing architectural feature is a full peripteral (free-standing) colonnade of 28 colossal Doric columns. Such plantation houses were once scattered along the Mississippi valley, though Oak Alley is probably the finest of those remaining. In 1866, Oak Alley was sold at auction to John Armstrong. Several owners followed Armstrong, and by the 1920s, the house was is in a state of deterioration. Andrew and Josephine Stewart purchased the property in 1925 and hired architect Richard Koch to conduct an extensive restoration. The pale pink of the plastered columns and walls and the blue green of the louvered shutters and gallery railing were color choices of Mrs. Stewart at that time. Square in plan, the interior has a central hall from front to rear on both floors. At each end of both halls the doors have broad fanlights and sidelights framed with slim, fluted colonnettes. Rooms at the first floor rear were partitioned and adapted to modern uses at the time of restoration in the 1920s. Equally significant is the impressive double row of giant live oak trees which form the oak alley, about 800 feet long, from which the property derived its present name. Planted before the house was constructed in 1837, this formal planting is a historic landscape design long recognized for its beauty. An important event in American horticultural history occurred in the winter of 1846-47 when Antoine, a slave gardener at Oak Alley, first successfully grafted pecan trees. His work resulted in the first named variety, Centennial, and the first commercial pecan orchard at nearby Anita Plantation. Josephine Stewart established a nonprofit organization to manage Oak Alley after her death. This Greek Revival showplace is now open to the public for tours.


Rosedown Plantation, St Francisville Louisiana
Date added:June 06, 2014

No house in Louisiana gives a better idea of an old Louisiana plantation home than does Rosedown, built at the end of an avenue of oaks. Between these oaks is marble statuary, copies of well known classical works bought in Italy by the Turnbulls in 1851. On each side of the avenue is a Victorian garden laid out in a Victorian manner reminescent of the French naturalistic gardens of that date. The two summer houses in these gardens were built in 1895. To the right of the house is a box garden similar to many in this area that were done in the 20's and is a reflection of late Eighteenth Century box gardens of Virginia, The small summer house in the center of this garden built in 1835? with an earlier feeling, is sympathetic in its Greek Revival detail.

In 1844 and 1845 wings were added to the north and south of the building by T.S. Williams, and it is a tradition that the factory work came from Cincinnati, On the north of the house is a kitchen that is no doubt earlier and was moved up to the main house at unknown dates. On the east is another wing that was added in 1859. Among the grounds are various dependencies such as a privy, milk-house, wood shed and office.


 Magnolia Plantation, Natchitoches Louisiana

 Bolingbroke Mansion, Radnor Pennsylvania

 Fort Hunter Mansion, Fort Hunter Pennsylvania

 Mayfield (Willaim Ebbs House), West Chester Pennsylvania

 George Ege Mansion, Robesonia Pennsylvania